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The first Union Flag

On 28th July, 1707, during the reign of Queen Anne, the Union Flag was by royal proclamation made the National flag of Great Britain. The National Flags of Scotland and England were united to form the flag.

English flag
England

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Scottish flag
Scotland

The Union Flag of 1606
The first Union Flag - the National flag of Great Britain

When the red cross of England was put onto the flag of Scotland, a white border was added around the red cross for reasons of heraldry. (The rules of heraldry demanded that two colours must never touch each other.)

The Union Flag today

Today's Union Flag not only represents Great Britain (England, Wales and Scotland) but also Northern Ireland.

On 1 January 1801, Ireland was united with Great Britain and it became necessary to have a new National Flag in which Ireland was represented. The cross St Patrick was combined with the Union Flag of Great Britain, to create the Union Flag that has been flown ever since.


Great Britain

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Ireland

Union Flag

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland were all joined together and called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The name was later changed to United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland when the greater part of Ireland left the United Kingdom in 1921.

The flags of the Patron Saints of England, Scotland and Ireland are represented on the Union Flag.

Why is Wales not represented on the Union Flag?

Follow this link to find out why

Further information

The story of the United Kingdom and the Union Flag
www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/geography/unionjack.html

 

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Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk 
are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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