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British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Industries in Britain

Our main industries today are banking and finance, steel, transport equipment, oil and gas, and tourism.

Other industries

Machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods.

Labour force:
29.7 million (2001)
Labour force - by occupation:
agriculture 1.4%,
industry 18.2%,
services 80.4%
(2006 est)
Unemployment rate:
5.1% (2003 est.)
source: (August 2007)

Farming (Agriculture)

Products (0.5 % of GDP):
cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables, cattle, sheep, poultry, fish.

Agriculture is intensive, highly mechanized, and efficient by European standards, producing about 60% of food needs with only 1.4 % of the labour force.

It contributes around 0.5% of GDP. Around two thirds of production is devoted to livestock, one third to arable crops.

The lowlands support some farming such as wheat, potatoes and vegetables.
Dairy and sheep farming are common in the hilly pastures.
(Read more about farming)


The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil reserves; primary energy production accounts for 10% of GDP, one of the highest shares of any industrial nation.


Services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, account by far for the largest proportion of GDP

Industries in each area of England

Britain's Economy

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© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2014

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consultant.
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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