imag: TitleProject Britain

Learn about London
by Mandy Barrow

 
 
Cookie Policy
Follow me on Twitter :
Project Britain
Search
About London
London Index
Getting to London
Facts about London
The Queen's Guards
Royal London
Buildings and landmarks
The People
London Transport
Essential information
Shops and Markets
What to see
Whitehall
(important street)
Theatres
Annual Events
London Police
Food and Drink
Open Spaces
Districts / Areas
Multiculture
History of London
River Thames
Government
Bridges
Hidden London
Arm Chair Travel
(activity)
Industries
British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
The Monument
 
 

The Monument is a 61 metre (202 feet) tall stone Roman doric column in the heart of the City of London. It was designed by Sir Christopher Wren, and erected between 1671 and 1677, as the City's memorial to the Great Fire in 1666.

The monument is the tallest single stone column in the world and contains a spiral staircase leading to a viewing platform from which you can see some remarkable views of the city. 

image: Monumentimage: Monument
Sir Christopher Wren's flame-topped Monument

The fire began in a baker's house in Pudding Lane on Sunday 2nd September 1666 and finally extinguished on Wednesday 5th September, after destroying the greater part of the City.

Why is The Monument 202 feet high?

The Monument is 202 feet high, because it is 202 feet from the base to where the Great Fire of London started in 1666 (the King's baker’s shop, Thomas Farynor's in Pudding Lane).

image: Flame
Viewing platform and flame

The top of the monument is reached by climbing up the narrow winding staircase of 311 steps. A cage was added in the mid-19th century at the top of the Monument to prevent people jumping off, after six people had committed suicide between 1788 and 1842.

image: Monment

The west side of the base displays a sculpture, by Caius Gabriel Cibberith showing King Charles II, and his brother, James, the Duke of York (later James II) surrounded by Liberty, Architecture, and Science, giving directions for its restoration.

Opening Times
9:30-5.30pm Daily, last admission 5pm

The Monument website
http://www.themonument.info

Back to Buildings and landmarks of London


back to the topLearn about England and the other countries in Britain
from the children who live in ther


London indexbus icon

back arrowbus icon

email© Copyright - please read
All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

www.mandybarrow.com

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Follow Project BritainTwitterFollow Mandy Barrow on TwitterGoogle Plus

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites projectbritain.com and primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

Woodlands Junior Homework Help new website