imag: TitleProject Britain

Learn about London
by Mandy Barrow

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Project Britain
About London
London Index
Getting to London
Facts about London
The Queen's Guards
Royal London
Buildings and landmarks
The People
London Transport
Essential information
Shops and Markets
What to see
(important street)
Annual Events
London Police
Food and Drink
Open Spaces
Districts / Areas
History of London
River Thames
Hidden London
Arm Chair Travel
British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Getting to London and travelling around London

London Transport

image: Busesimage; taxisimage: The Tube

Getting To London

image: Trainsimage: flying to London


London now has seven major stations providing long distance and local services. Eurostar trains run from St Pancras Station to the Chunnel Tunnel and onto mainland Europe.


The railways came to London in Victorian times. The first important station was Euston, which opened in 1837.


London has a railway that goes under london. It is known as the Tube or the London Underground.


London's distinctive taxis, black cabs, are as much a feature of city life as its red double-decker buses. 

London Taxi

Like the buses, black cabs are also being modernised and many are now painted other colours with advertising. 

All black cab drivers must pass a stringent test known as 'The Knowledge' before they are licenced to operate a taxi.  This tests their knowledge of London's streets and the quickest traffic routes. 

You can phone for a black cab, hail one in the street or find one in a rank, especially near large railway stations or some major hotels.  They carry a yellow 'For Hire' sign above the windscreen which is lit up when they are free.   To stop one hold out your arm in a purposeful, and determined way.  When the taxi stops tell the driver your destination. 

Taxis are a good option for groups of people sharing the fare, which can be steep - there is a £2.20 minimum fare at all times.

Tipping at about 10% is expected.

Where credit or debit are accepted there is a typical surcharge of between 10% and 15% of the metered fare.

London Taxi Fares
The meter calculates the maximum fare based upon time of day, distance travelled and taxi speed.
Please note fares and journey times may be higher if there are delays or heavy traffic. 



Monday to Friday
06:00 - 20:00
(Tariff code 1)

Monday to Friday
20:00 - 22:00
Saturday and Sunday
06:00 - 22:00
(Tariff code 2)

Every night
22:00 - 06:00
Public holidays
(Tariff code 3)

1 mile

5 - 12 mins

£4.60 - £8.40

£4.80 - £8.60

£5:20 - £8.60

2 miles

8 - 15 mins

£7:20 - £11.20

£7:20 - £11.20

£8.00 - £12.40

4 miles

15 - 30 mins

£11 - £19

£13 - £19

£15 - £23

6 miles

20 - 40 mins

£17 - £28

£19 - £28

£23 - £34

Between Heathrow
Central London

30 - 60 mins

£43 - £75

£43 - £75

£43 - £75

Last update April 2010

There are no extra charges for luggage or additional passengers.

Some taxis accept credit or debit cards, and there is a maximum charge of £1.00 or 12.5% of the metered fare, whichever is greater.

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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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