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The Stockton & Darlington Railroad, the world's first passenger railway service, was opened on 27 September 1825. On this day, George Stephenson's steam engine Locomotion pulled a full load of passengers from Shildon to Stockton via Darlington. The 27 mile (43 km) journey took less than three hours.

image: Locomotion

There were thirty-two wagons in the train which, pulled by the Locomotion, travelled at about 10 miles per hour. This event marked the beginning of the railway age.

"In 1825 there were only 25 miles of public railroad open in the world. 50 years later this had grown to 160,000 miles and continued at an amazing pace thereafter." John Metcalfe

27 September 1822: Rosetta Stone deciphered

Jean-François Champollion announced on this day that he had deciphered the Rosetta stone

What is the Rosetta Stone?

The Rosetta Stone is a stone with writing on it. It was created in 196 BC,

What writing was on the Rosetta stone?

The text is made up of three translations of a single passage, written in two Egyptian language scripts (hieroglyphic and Demotic), and in classical Greek.

Read more about the Rosetta Stone


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