Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Saxon Invasion - 5th Century

The Roman army left Britain about AD 410. When they had gone there was no strong army to defend Britain, and tribes called the Angle, Saxon, and Jute (the Anglo-Saxons) invaded. They left their homelands in northern german flag Germany, danish flag Denmark and northern netherlands flag Holland and rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats.


The Anglo-Saxons ruled most of Britain but never conquered cornwall flag Cornwall in the south-west, welsh flag Wales in the west, or scottish flag Scotland in the north.

The Anglo-Saxons divided England into several kingdoms.

Missionaries from Roman spread Christianity across southern Britain.

Read more about the Saxons on our Homework Help pages

Anglo-Saxon Britain
450 First invasions of the Jutes from Jutland, Angles from South of Denmark and Saxons from Germany.
Britain is divided up into the Seven Kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia, Anglia, Wessex, Essex, Sussex and Kent.
450 Saxons Hengist and Horsa settle in Kent.
460 St Patrick returns to convert Ireland

The Battle of Mount Badon: Britons under an unknown leader defeat the Angles and Saxons


St Augustine brings Christianity to England from Rome

King Æthelberht of Kent gave him land in Canterbury to build a church. Æthelberht became the first Anglo-Saxon king to turn his back on paganism and become Christian.


Æthelberht is now one of the most powerful kings in England

617 Northumbria becomes the Supreme Kingdom

Edwin of Northumbria becomes the first Christian king in the north of England

779 Mercia becomes the Supreme Kingdom and King Offa builds a Dyke along the Welsh Border
Click here for Information on the Saxons

Romanslast pagenext pageVikings

Prehistoric Britain BC Roman Britain 43 AD Anglo Saxon Britain 450
Viking Britain 793 Medieval Britain 1066 Tudor Britain 1485
Stuart Britain 1603 Georgian Britain 1714 Victorian Britain 1837
Modern Britain 1902 +

Roman Britain
Saxon Britain
Viking Britain
Norman Britain
Tudor Britain
Victorian Britain
World War Two

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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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