Project BritainProject Britain

British Life and Culture

by Mandy Barrow

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British life and culture - England, Scotland and Wales
Timeline of the Kings and Queens of England

The House of York
1461 -1470 1471 -1485

  • King Edward IV 1461 -1470, 1471 - 1483
  • King Edward V 1483 - 1483
  • King Richard III 1483 - 1485

Edward 4King Edward IV
1461 -1470, 1471 - 1483

      • Age 18-40
      • Great-great-great-grandson of Edward III
      • Born: 28 April 1442 at Rouen, Normandy, France
      • Parents: Richard, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville
      • Ascended to the throne: 4 March 1461 aged 18 years
      • Crowned: 28 June 1461 at Westminster Abbey
      • Married: Elizabeth, Daughter of Richard Woodville (English)
      • Children: Three sons including Edward V and Richard Duke of York (the Princes in the Tower), Seven daughters and four illegitimate children
      • Died: 9 April 1483
      • Buried at: Windsor
      • Reigned for: 21 years. Deposed 3 October 1470, Restored 21 May 1471
        Succeeded by: his son Edward V

Edward IV was twice king of England, winning the struggle against the Lancastrians to establish the House of York on the English throne.

Edward IV was King of England from 4 March 1461 until 3 October 1470,and again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483.

Edward IV was the first Yorkist King of England.

Edward defeated the Lancastrians in a series of battles, culminating in the Battle of Towton in 1461. With the Lancastrian king, Henry VI, overthrown, Edward was crowned Edward IV.

1470 - 71 Henry VI briefly restored as king

1471 - Edward is restored to the throne and with his wife Elizabeth Woodville produce their first of 10 children and heir to the Yorkist throne also a Prince Edward.

During his reign the first printing press was established in Westminster by William Caxton.

Edward 5King Edward V 1483 - 1483

  • Age 12
  • Born: 4 November 1470 at the Sactuary, Westminster Abbey
  • Parents: Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville
  • Ascended to the throne: 9 April 1483 aged 12 years
  • Crowned: Not crowned
  • Married: Never Married
  • Children: None
  • Deposed: 25 June 1483
  • Died: 3 September 1483 at Tower of London (murdered), aged 12 years
  • Buried at: Tower of London
  • Succeeded by: his uncle Richard III

King of England 1483

Elder son of Edward IV. He was deposed two months and 17 days after his accession in favour of his uncle (Richard III), and is traditionally believed to have been murdered (with his brother) in the Tower of London on Richard's orders.

Tower of London
Tower of London

Richard 3King Richard III 1483 - 1485

        • Age 31-33
        • Younger brother of Edward IV
        • Born: 2 October 1452 at Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire
        • Parents: Richard, Duke of York, and Cecily Neville
        • Ascended to the throne: 25 June 1483 aged 30 years
        • Crowned: 6 July 1483 at Westminster Abbey
        • Married: Anne Neville, widow of Edward, Prince of Wales and daughter of Earl of Warwick
        • Children: One son, plus several illegitimate children before his marriage
        • Died: 22 August 1485 at Battle of Bosworth, Leicestershire, aged 32 years
        • Buried at: Leicester
        • Succeeded by: his distant cousin Henry VII

King of England from 1483

Prime suspect to the suspected murders of the two princes, Edward and Richard.

The Princes in the Tower
The two princes, Edward and Richard were locked up in the Tower of London by Richard. The elder prince was in fact the 12 year old King Edward VI who Richard had kidnapped on his way to London to be crowned King. The other prince was his younger brother also called Richard (Duke of York). Richard Duke of York was obviously second in line to the throne. Both needed to be “done away with” before Uncle Richard could inherit the throne.

The two boys simply disappeared and nobody who valued their lives dared to ask Richard what had become of them.

About 150 years later some children’s bones were discovered but technology was not then available to provide the conclusive evidence for who they were.

During the 1930’s the bones were examined again and were dated as far as was then possible to the late 1480’s.

Shakespeare portrayed Richard as the most evil of Kings.

Richard was killed in battle against Henry Tudor (Henry VII) ending the Wars of the Roses. He was the last English King to die on the Battlefield.

House Lancasterprevious pagenext pageTudors

1066 - 1154 The Normans

1154 - 1216 The Angevins (The first Plantagenet kings)

1216 - 1399 Plantagenets

1399 - 1461 The House of Lancaster

1461 - 1485 The House of York

1485 -1603 The Tudors

1603 - 1649 and 1660 - 1714 The Stuarts

1714 -1901 The House of Hanoverians

1901 -1910 and 1910 - Today Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and The Windsors


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All the materials on these pages are free for homework and classroom use only. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the Mandy Barrow.

© Copyright Mandy Barrow 2013

Mandy is the creator of the Woodlands Resources section of the Woodlands Junior website. 
The two websites and are the new homes for the Woodlands Resources.

Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consulatant. 
She now teaches computers at The Granville School and St. John's Primary School in Sevenoaks Kent.

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